|Appositio (apposition): Figure of addition in which words are placed side by side (in apposition to) each other with one word describing or clarifying the other; adjacent nouns or noun substitutes with one elaborating the other.|
"It was one hundred and forty-four years
ago that members of the Democratic Party first met in convention to
select a Presidential candidate. Since that time, Democrats have
continued to convene once every four years and draft a party platform
and nominate a Presidential candidate. And our meeting this week is a
continuation of that tradition. But there is something different about
tonight. There is something special about tonight. What is different?
What is special?
I, Barbara Jordan, am a keynote speaker."
-- Barbara Jordan, 1976 Democratic Convention Keynote Address
"I am elated by the knowledge that for the first time
in our history a woman, Geraldine Ferraro, will be recommended to share our
-- Jesse Jackson, 1984 Democratic National Convention Address
of us will remember what happened that day, and to whom it
happened. We'll remember the moment the news came -- where we were and
what we were doing. Some will remember an image of a fire, or a story of
rescue. Some will carry memories of a face and a voice gone forever. And
I will carry this: It is the police shield of a man named George Howard,
who died at the World Trade Center trying to save others. It was given
to me by his mom, Arlene, as a proud
memorial to her son. This is my reminder of lives that ended, and a task
that does not end."
-- George W. Bush, 9-20-01 Address to Congress and the Nation
in the great, liberal state of Massachusetts, the cradle
of liberty and abolitionism, a woman was arrested on a minor
-- Pauli Murray
Note: Here is a case of chained appositions with the "great, liberal state..." set in apposition to "Here" and the "cradle of liberty" set in apposition to Massachusetts.
"And so I ask you
tonight, the people of Massachusetts, to think this through
with me. In facing this decision, I seek your advice and opinion. In
making it, I seek your prayers."
-- Edward M. Kennedy, Chappaquiddick
"John Fitzgerald Kennedy,
a great and good President, a friend of all people of
goodwill, a believer in the dignity and equality of all human
beings, a fighter for justice, an apostle of peace, has been snatched from
our midst by the bullet of an assassin."
-- Justice Earl Warren, Eulogy for John F. Kennedy
Note: This case of linked appositives is different from the first. Here, each apposition continues to elaborate ONLY on the initial noun.